Good Medicine, Bad Behavior:
The Sumerians referred to it as Hul Gil, the "joy plant. As people learned of the power of opium, demand for it increased. Many countries began to grow and process opium to expand its availability and to decrease its cost. Its cultivation spread along the Silk Road, from the Mediterranean through Asia and finally to China where it was the catalyst for the Opium Wars of the mids.
Opium is grown mainly by impoverished farmers on small plots in remote regions of the world.
It flourishes in dry, warm climates and the vast majority of opium poppies are grown in a narrow, 4,mile stretch of mountains extending across central Asia from Turkey through Pakistan and Burma. Recently, opium has been grown in Latin America, notably Colombia and Mexico. The farmer takes his crop of opium to the nearest village where he will sell it to the dealer who offers him the best price.
These trade routes developed between the empires of Persia and Syria on the Mediterranean coast and the Indian kingdoms of the East.
Opium was one of the products traded along the Silk Road. Opium Wars In order to fund their ever-increasing desire for Chinese produced tea, Britain, through their control of the East India Company, began smuggling Indian opium to China. This resulted in a soaring addiction rate among the Chinese and led to the Opium Wars of the mids.
Subsequent Chinese immigration to work on the railroads and the gold rush brought opium smoking to America. Opium Dens Opium dens were established as sites to buy and sell opium. Chinese immigrants came to the United States in the Mids to work for railroads and the Gold Rush and brought the habit of opium smoking with them.
Chinese Style Opium Pipes This antique opium pipe set, ca. Opium Smoking Equipment In addition to the traditional pipe, opium smokers could also use a lamp for heating the opium as well as various tools to manipulate the gummy substance.
Weights and Scales These scales and the elephant-shaped gold weights were used to accurately measure opium for sale. It was also used to induce sleep and to give relief to the bowels. Opium was even thought to protect the user from being poisoned. Its pleasurable effects were also noted.
The trading and production of opium spread from the Mediterranean to China by the 15th century.The history of opium in China began with the use of opium for medicinal purposes during the 7th century.
In the 17th century the practice of mixing opium with tobacco for smoking spread from Southeast Asia, creating a far greater demand. Introduction - What is Zionism? Zionism is the Jewish national movement.
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Marx's, Draft Introduction to A Contribution to the Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right, which was never completed.
The Opium Trade, Seventh through Nineteenth Centuries. he Anglo-Chinese Opium Wars were the direct result of China's isolationalist and exclusionary trade policy with the West. Opium Wars, two armed conflicts in China in the midth century between the forces of Western countries and of the Qing dynasty, which ruled China from to / The first Opium War (–42) was fought between China and Britain, and the second Opium War .